Perfect example of a multidimensional genioplasty in the form of three dimensional augmentation genioplasty in a patient with a severely narrow and sharp chin in the horizontal axis and very receded in the depth axis, also featured by a severely short vertical chin axis in the context of an overall small chin; this chin is too weak for the masculine facial balance of this patient, thus requiring an ambitious masculinization by means of chin augmentation and broadening.
The technique planned was a customized oblique osteotomy at approximately 70 degrees from the bisecting line of the chin, so that the bone supplied would share its majority augmentation and projection effect downwards about 55% of the volume added and 45% into forward direction; by means of inserting blocks of bone grafting, in this case harvested from patient's hip or iliac bone, into the angled osteotomy gap the chin gained anterior increase and a mainly inferior growth; the bone graft was planned to be 20 mm thick so an ambitious 11 mm increase downward and 9 mm increase forward were achieved.
As a general rule, osteotomies made at an angle of 90 degrees from the bisecting line of the chin produce an even distribution of any augmentation or reduction of bone volume in equal shares for the depth or projection axis and the vertical height axis, this means 50% of the mass added or removed happens to take place forward and 50% downwards; osteotomy angles larger or wider than 90 degrees from the bisecting line of the chin produce mainly forward changes, the larger the angle more the effect will be in the depth axis rather than in the vertical axis; osteotomy angles smaller or narrower than 90 degrees from the bisecting line of the chin produce mainly downwards changes, the smaller the angle more the effect will be in the vertical axis rather than in the depth axis.
However, the patient suffered a remarkably sharp chin, with a boat keel shape; performing only a two dimensional chin augmentation would entail a so called witch's chin due to the surfacing of the originally sunken osseous sharpness; to prevent this unsightly side effect it was planned performing an associated chin widening or horizontal chin augmentation of approximately 10 mm at its center in order to obtain a squarer shape, requiring the tailoring of a chip of bone graft, in this case harvested from patient's hip or iliac bone.
This means the ambitious vertical and projection augmentation of the chin was supplemented by a customized horizontal chin augmentation using a cubical bone graft.
Wiring with steel sutures allowed stable fixation without any issues.
#1Severe shortfall of vertical height and horizontal width of the chin; its correction requires the insertion of a very carefully tailored bone graft perfectly matching so that the desired vertical height and horizontal width are achieved; the arrows indicate the grade of increase of the customized graft.
#2Very receded and severely short vertically chin in need of an ambitious augmentation by means of an oblique osteotomy at approximately 70 degrees from the bisecting plane of the chin so that 55% of the increase produces vertical gain and 45% projection gain; the bone graft was planned to be 20 mm thick so an ambitious 11 mm increase downward and 9 mm increase forward were achieved; the arrows indicate the grade of increase at each axis of this three dimensional augmentation genioplasty with the customized graft.
#3Frontal cephalometrics and planning on X ray film. The desired level and angle for the osteotomy and the customized graft are drawn as a guidance tool for the surgeon. The arrows point at the foramen or exit duct for the mentalis nerves, a critical structure that has to be preserved during the procedure. Note the dental roots contoured so that they are kept far from the osteotomy level.
#4Lateral cephalometrics and planning on X ray film. The desired level and angle for the osteotomy are drawn as a guidance tool for the surgeon. The arrow points at the foramen or exit duct for the mentalis nerves, a critical structure that has to be preserved during the procedure. Note the dental roots contoured so that they are kept far from the osteotomy level. Very receded and severely short vertically chin in need of an ambitious augmentation by means of an oblique osteotomy at approximately 70 degrees from the bisecting plane of the chin so that 55% of the increase produces vertical gain and 45% projection gain; the bone graft was planned to be 20 mm thick so an ambitious 11 mm increase downward and 9 mm increase forward were achieved.
#5Customized graft harvested from patient's hip; note the beveled medial ends designed to meet in the midline fitting the boomerang shape of the chin and the wedge shape to expand the apex of the chin.
#6Customized graft harvested from patient's hip; note the beveled medial ends designed to meet in the midline fitting the boomerang shape of the chin and the wedge shape to expand the apex of the chin.
#7Wiring of the assembly; the multidimensional genioplasty involves wiring, via holes drilled in the bone, the anterior cortex of the mandibular bone with the anterior cortex of the sliced chin fragment so that a stronger stabilization effect is achieved, placing in between them the customized graft which is also drilled and pierced by the wiring; works like the one in this case do work well with 5 fixation steel sutures; at this stage all the elements were wired and ready to be secured.
#8Prismatic scheme of the mandibular bone, the customized graft and the sliced chin fragment split into two halves.
#9The lines contour the fixation steel wires and the drilled holes to allow the assembly; at this stage all the elements were wired and ready to be secured.
#10Once the wiring is deemed optimal and the assembly is ready, the surgeon pulls from the wiring to put all the parts together, which obtain stabilization by means of vertical vectors of compression, and stabilizes the assembly by tying steel wires; the knots are bent flat so that no disturbance is felt by the patient; at this stage all the elements were wired and secured; the arrows point at the mentalis nerves, undamaged in spite of the space conflict.
#11Prismatic scheme of the mandibular bone, the customized graft and the sliced chin fragment split into two halves.
#12The lines contour the fixation steel wires and the drilled holes to allow the assembly; at this stage all the elements were wired and secured.
#13Before and after comparison. The chin is perfectly balanced; vertical increase and horizontal widening were accomplished as per planned parameters.
#14Before and after comparison. The chin is perfectly balanced; forwarding and vertical increase were accomplished as per planned parameters.
#15Before and after comparison. The chin is perfectly balanced; vertical increase and horizontal widening were accomplished as per planned parameters.
#16Before and after comparison. The chin is perfectly balanced; forwarding and vertical increase were accomplished as per planned parameters.
This information is indicative only and does not represent an obligation with patients or a prediction of forthcoming events, since is based on statistical means for large groups of patients, with the variability that implies, and the biased experience of medical professionals.
Medicine and Surgery are not exact sciences, therefore it is not possible to foretell the most likely evolution neither establish the most suitable management for each individual case until the moment the physicians can preoperatively evaluate the patient and receive feedback about the postoperative.
One surgical process can't be fully predictable or be rigidly scheduled on a previous protocol, so the management plan may be modified at any time based on the requirements that could be considered as necessary or most suitable.
Healing is an imprecise and always unpredictable process due to the uniqueness nature of each patient; even with your physician prioritising post-op patient care excellence and scar minimisation techniques and treatments your evolution and results may be likely different to the information contained on this website, therefore your physician cannot guarantee any specific scenario and outcome commitment regarding your procedures.
Remember that all surgery is likely to produce lasting swelling and a lifetime permanent scar, which is likely to partially evolve over approximately 12 to 18 months or longer because this is an issue of unpredictable kind; some patients may be prone to permanent swelling and bad scarring.
Information on our website is not a substitute for a personalised, individual consultation that includes a physical examination, history taking, a discussion of the potential risks including potential common complications, pros and cons of various procedural options, and the likely outcome expectations of your surgical procedure. Only an in-person consultation and examination can help your physician to provide you with information about what you, personally, as a unique individual, can expect.
Dr. Alejandro Nogueira's opinions, indications, procedures, techniques and methods of diagnosis, treatment and management change frequently as new information is available due to scientific knowledge and state-of-the-art medical practice progress; we aim to keep information updated, but it is possible that some information may have been superseded and is in process of being added to our website, therefore it may not represent Dr. Alejandro Nogueira's most current methods or protocols.
All images are genuine, trustworthy and real standard views of the "before" situation and the long term settled "after" actual results of Dr. Alejandro Nogueira’s work, as well as true intraoperative surgical views and authentic technical or clinical scenarios depicting real practice hands-on cases belonging to Dr. Alejandro Nogueira's skills and expertise.
No other professional but Dr. Alejandro Nogueira himself as leading and executing surgeon has carried out the techniques, procedures and surgeries shown in the galleries.
No images were staged, digitally edited or modified in any way, except for cropping, adjusting and resizing to fit gallery format, removing identifiable elements and blanking with anonymity purposes.
The images of results, treatments, techniques and clinical situations are mere guidance examples aiming to help the patients in their decision-making process, providing an average overview of Dr. Alejandro Nogueira's work; no one of them can be considered as an obligation of any particular results nor a commitment for the application of any specific techniques, therefore you should not base your results expectations on them.
Every patient has to be assessed individually in order to establish a customized prognosis of results and design an individual surgical plan, being somehow unpredictable the real final outcome of any procedure as well the surgical gestures applied during the intervention, since they will depend on multiple particular, frequently unpredictable and sometimes uncontrollable factors.
Even when you feel that you look very similar to another patient in their images, your results will likely vary significantly, because you are a unique person and every individual has not only a completely unique physique, but also uniquely individualistic body healing capacities, scarring tendencies and recovery processes, some of which are unpredictable even in very-healthy patients who rest adequately and do all the other right and prescribed things before and after their procedure.
Previous successful results of a physician do not guarantee future successful procedures and patient's satisfaction.
The images may display content that is graphic in nature showing explicit surgery, clinical events and that may depict partial or total nudity; if you find such material offensive or you are sensitive to it you should not use this feature and should exercise caution before accessing other explicit features of the website.
The images are appropriate for a mature-only audience; if you are under the age of 18 you should not view the content of this website.
All the prices and quotations visible on our website belong to or are calculated out of the reduced price list and do already enjoy by default a -20% discount from the standard price list for our treatments as compensating remuneration for the release and transfer of the intellectual property, the rights of image, the medical records and the personal data of our patients for scientific dissemination, medical teaching, public communication, commercial promotion, advertising marketing, commercial exploitation and disclosure in general, unless they express the opposite at their surgery day booking by opting for the standard prices.
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Our prices are quotations valid for the majority of cases operated on; notwithstanding a few cases are non standard, atypical, requiring exceptional resources and, therefore, needing customized quote calculation; do seek the advice of our Medical and Sales Teams to find out whether your case lies within the standard protocol of management, which actually is the most likely scenario.
Standard quotations do cover the planned protocol of management, including preoperative consultation with the surgeon, preanesthesia examination, basic preoperative tests, surgeon, anesthetist and assistant fees, planned operating room, rental time, regular intraoperative surgical supplies (materials, drugs, etc.), agreed implants (breast, etc.), one recommended postoperative garment (brassiere, corset, etc.), 1 hour recovery unit stay, individual ward room, regular hospital supplies (materials, drugs, etc.) and postoperative office-based care.
Not included in standard quotations are, among others, non basic preoperative tests, pre and postoperative consultant referrals for assessment, additional garments, non hospital supplies (materials, drugs, etc.), postoperative tests and any kind of postoperative re-interventions, postoperative medical or surgical emergencies and costs exceeding the planned protocol of management like unplanned, unforeseeable and unavoidable extended surgical time rental of the operating room, extended hospital stay in standard ward or Intensive Care Unit (ICU) room and all the associated costs with any hospital-based assistance of complications, medicalized repatriation, hostelry accommodation, maintenance and travel costs; we do not take account of any costs not within the scheduled treatment pre and postoperative planned and agreed management.
We do not offer trip packages; the patient is bound to organize and pay for any trip, accommodation, food, transport, etc.
Prices do include the V.A.T.
Prices do not include any kind of travel or revision insurance; do read about the Surgery Shield for revision surgery here should you wish to be covered in such a case.
Treatments are payable in Euros only; we do not accept other currencies as payment of the treatments.
Any currency conversion is non accurate and has indicative purposes only.
Combo Specials discounts are percentages of reduction applied on the retail price of the standard quotations for the treatments of the price list; these discounts are not applicable on non standard cases, customized quotations and charges not included in the standard quotations.
The treatments Breast implants custom XL or Breast reconstruction autologous and the Surgery Shield for any body area treament is expressly excluded from any price reduction, discount and promotion, among them the Combo Specials.
Combo Specials are applied and calculated for each purchase of treatments to be performed simultaneously; Combo Specials are not allowed on treatments to be performed in different anesthetic procedures or different surgical episodes; any given purchase of treatments to be performed simultaneously may include more than one Combo Special.
One given treatment cannot be affected by more than one discount, be it Combo Specials or other discounts; in the event of a conflict due to the coincidence of more than one Combo Specials discount affecting a given treatment, the discount that produces the greatest gross discount in favor of the patient calculated at the given treatment in conflict level will be applied.
The lowcostmetic's General Combo Special only applies to treatments other than those affected by treatment-specific Combo Specials at any given purchase of treatments to be performed simultaneously; for the calculation of the lowcostmetic's General Combo Special all the treatments affected by treatment-specific Combo Specials are considered a single treatment.
Any urgent matter of medical or commercial kind must be addressed through our Telephone Assistance which is operative 24/7/365 to contact with the Medical Team or through our Telephone Support which is available in office hours to contact with the Sales Team.
Due to the competitiveness scenario of the markets most plastic surgery clinics and plastic surgeons feel forced to invest large sums of money into advertising and marketing campaigns; this non medical additional cost is always and necessarily charged on top of the final price paid by patients, leading thus to an overprice of surgeries and treatments. No one patient wishes to bear that financial burden embedded in the surgical costs, furthermore neither surgeons nor clinics are happy to increase their retail prices and penalize their customers with costs not bringing any kind of special medical benefit, safety enhancements or results improvement; the promotion budget aims only to disseminate the public knowledge of a services provider and raise the awareness about its presence to potential customers, but not to make the service or the product a better one.
Seems like this model is a no-way-out labyrinth from which no one can be freed, furthermore it is such a tempting, easy and hassle-free way that actually most patients and plastic surgery providers are locked into it, happily or with resignation, paying a high price due to being non collaborative; however there is an ideal alternative, based on keeping up a good hard work based on a strive for providing quality service and achieving patients' satisfaction, which necessarily requires the decided support of the clients and somehow their involvement in such virtuous business model grounded on top-notch results
READ ABOUT BENEFITS OF THE COLLABORATIVE MODEL
When plastic surgery providers and patients do actively engage into a collaborative economy scenario a win-win basis is set for their relationship, since the clinics and surgeons obtain the best promotion ever possible with no budget for marketing investment and the patients get in return rid of any additional and unnecessary costs; such a price reduction does not represent any loss in the quality of the treatment they are receiving, furthermore this saving achieved will actually reward customers with a reinforced confidence and guarantee the service providers will strive to perform the best job possible and obtain results second to none.
It is not a paradox or contradiction; under a collaborative economy umbrella plastic surgery patients enjoy a greater plus of confidence that clinics and surgeons will do their very best and beyond to satisfy their customers, in spite the price is lower than in marketing-based non collaborative models; plastic surgery providers who found their business sustainability on the pillars of exclusively or mainly incremental budget investment in ongoing promotion campaigns do have little incentive in achieving first-class results and the best patient experiences, since their business model is not based on returning patients after word-of-mouth dissemination of their reputation but on the attraction of cold clients with sophisticated advertising methods of higher or lesser moral acceptability, attracting customers as parachutists randomly landing on unknown land, which is a perverse business model frequently leading to an unavoidable degradation of safety and results quality besides an uncontrollable increase in costs and prices; this marketing-based model creates no incentives to keep up the good work and pushes the prices higher on and on due to require increasing promotional investments.
On the other side, which is definitely our side, clinics and surgeons who rely solely or mostly their existence and survival in the competitive plastic surgery market enjoying the widespread of their excellence extended by their own patients results and satisfaction, like a mill driven by the winds of prestige, have the strongest ever incentive to be the best service providers around, sourced from the support of happy clients and their operated cases as proof of their excellent jobs; needless to say such supporters, the patients, have to enjoy a share of this benefit so that the incentive is reciprocal; under this scenario clinics and surgeons strive to provide the best service and accordingly patients release and transfer in a fair exchange the materials and tools required to build a marketing-budget-free and virtuous business model which creates the perfect incentives to build the best sponsorship-free reputation, based on the grounds of medical quality thus allowing prices control within affordability thanks to the minimal cost of its maintenance.
This is the deal; patients give in our favor the release and transfer of the intellectual property, the rights of image, the medical records and the personal data of their cases for scientific dissemination, medical teaching, public communication, commercial promotion, advertising marketing, commercial exploitation and disclosure in general, and they receive in exchange a compensating remuneration of a -20% discount from the standard price list for our treatments, as it is publicly visible by default in all the prices and quotations on our website.
As can be observed our visible prices are highly competitive if compared with other plastic surgery providers, actually the difference is approximately a -20% from the average price of each particular treatment in other clinics and surgeons from similar economical areas and countries of comparable development; this is not due to any quality or safety downgrading but to our collaborative business model; in other words, the budget which theoretically should be invested in marketing and promotion campaigns is discounted from the retail prices and, unlike other plastic surgery providers, is not wasted into pointless advertising to patients which entails no kind of added value for them; such campaigns are replaced with our superb results publicized thanks our patients support by letting us use their cases' Before & After and Intraoperative & Technical images and medical details; this explains that price gap between us and other clinics and surgeons.
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Patients gain a highly affordable pricing model with yet world-class standards of medical practice, safety and results, and we gain competitiveness within the industry by means of saving the budget theoretically bound to be wasted in marketing.
Patients contribute with their images and medical details and we compensate them with a -20% discount from the expectable average price quoted by comparable clinics and surgeons.
We receive a boost of unbeatable promotion and market penetration by using our awesome operated cases and the patients enjoy a plus of guarantee that we will strive to conduct ourselves to the highest level of excellence and obtain results better than one can imagine.
We help you access the best plastic surgery results and you help us win the race of the market.
Should you feel not interested in collaborating with our business model and still wish to be our patient? No worries, this perfectly possible under the same philosophy of professionalism, devotion and quality, you have to simply express your opposition at surgery day booking by opting for the standard prices and thus give up the -20% discount of the collaborative model, budget which will be used to promote our business in sponsorships, campaigns or one-time actions aiming to attract new customers who, without your help to take the right decision for their surgery, may need sponsored channels to know about us.
Keep in mind that taking part in our collaborative business model is also an altruist way to help other prospective patients to find the medically right and commercially suitable plastic surgery provider, besides collaborating in the medical education of other surgeons and medical professionals.
We offer a flexible consumer-to-business relationship by letting our patients choose between a release & transfer quotation model in which the standard price list receives a -20% discount becoming thus the reduced price list, and a no disclosure quotation in which the standard price list applies and the patient misses such compensating remuneration.
Two models under the same quality involving different prices and marketing-building strategies; you receive always one guarantee: our commitment we will give you our best.
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